Marginalized Target Groups

As explained in the definition, the target group of MJ4All is marginalized people. The term ‘marginalized’ refers to two categories of people:

1) Victims of conflict and disaster 

Victims of conflict and (natural or man-made) disaster are helped to access the rights, entitlements and benefits of the system and humanitarian aid. They are also helped to restore their pre-disaster legal situation (e.g. restoration of property and arranging civil paperwork). 

2) People at the bottom of the social/income pyramid, who do not enjoy the entitlements, opportunities and rights of the system in their country and who lack legal protection. Within this group there are two subgroups:

(i) The very poorest, who possess nothing. The focus is on civil documentation that gives them an existence in the system and access to entitlements. 

(ii) People who are trying to escape the poverty cycle by engaging in economic activities, starting to possess a piece of land and tools etc. It is difficult to escape from poverty if one does not arrange legal protection of one’s possessions and business.

Within these target groups, a new MJ4All Program has to decide which particular target groups it will cater for. This will depend on the context in which the new MJ4All Program is set up, and the outcome of the feasibility study. If an existing humanitarian or development organisation sets up a MJ4All Program, then it is likely to focus on its existing beneficiaries. For example, in 2015-2016, working in co-operation with the Peruvian Red Cross, the MJ4All Program in Peru focused on the victims of earthquake in Pisco and the flooding in Iquitos.